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HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO FORM BROWN COALS AND LEONIRDITE AND HOW DOES IT HAPPENS?

In Europe, deposits of brown coal and leonardite are almost exclusively associated with deposits from the Paleogene and Neogene periods. A signifcant portion of brown coal Iies at shallow depths in coal seams (deposits) with a depth of 10-60 m, which makes it possible to work in an open pit. In some deposits, the depth of the deposits can reach 100-200 m. Various coniferous and deciduous trees served as material for the formatlon of brown coal and leonardite. So did peat plants, the gradual decomposition of which, under water, without air access, covered by and mixed with clay and sand, gradually leads to enrichment of decaying plant residues with carbon with the constant release of volatile substances. One of the 1st stages of such decay, after peat, is brown coal, then leonardite.

Such a transition of plant residues from the weakly decayed state of peat through lignite, brown coal, black coal and anthracite and nally to pure carbon—graphite is, of course, extremely slow. It is quite clear that the richer in carbon the varieties of the mined coal are, the older is their geological age. This formation takes from 20 to 40 million years. Brown coals, lignites and leonardites contain useful acids such as humic and fulvic, which play a key role In soil fertility and plant development.

WHAT ARE FULVIC AND HUMIC ACIDS AND HOW ARE THEY FORMED?

– Humic substances (from Latin humus — earth) were 1rst isolated from peat by the German scientist Franz Ahard in 1786. Later, soils, sapropel, brown coals, lignites and leonardites began to serve as sources for a number of preparations based on humic acids.

 

– Humic acids form strong compounds with metal ions, which determines their global geochemical role. The groups of humic acids that di_er in solubility- fulvic acids and humic acids – perform opposite geochemical functions. Fulvic acids increase the migratory ability of elements in the earth’s crust and plants due to a small molecular weight, and humic acids are a powerful geochemical barrier.

– FulvIc acid is a product of the vital activity of bacteria and microorganisms living In the soil (humus). After the plant residues get into the ground, they decompose and oxidase. This process is accompanied by the isolation of various chemical compounds, including fulvIc acid. Fulvic acid is also found in lignites and leonardites, since brown coals are humus, only more ancient.

 

– Due to the electrolyte properties, fulvic acid is capable of splitting the dissolved mineral and organic substances into the smallest components of the sire of an ion. Its own molecular mass is small enough to freely penetrate through cell membranes and saturate with useful substances and ions directly into the plant cell.

MIRACLE OF FULVIC ACID FOR PLANTS AND SOILS

  • Stimulate plant metabolism
  • Give positive effect on plant RNA & DNA
  • Act as a catalyst in plant respiration
  • Increase metabolism of proteins
  • Increase activity of multiple enzymes
  • Enhances the permeability of cell membranes
  • Enhance cell division and cell elongation
  • Aid Chlorophyll synthesis
  • Increase drought tolerance
  • Increase crop yields
  • Assist denitrification by microbes
  • Buffer soil pH
  • Contribute electrochemical balance as a donor or an acceptor
  • Synthesize new minerals
  • Chemically weather inorganic substances
  • Decompose silica to release essential mineral nutrients
  • Detoxify various pollutants (pesticides, herbicides, etc.)

FULVIC ACID

MIRACLE OF HUMIC ACIDS FOR PLANTS AND SOILS

HUMIC ACID

  • Stimulates biological activity in soil
  • Enhances resistance of soil to stress
  • Enhances nutrients uptake and increases the content of humus in soil.
  • Reduces the toxicity of pesticide residue and prevents soil from contamination of heavy metals ions as well as other harmful matters
  • Improves chemical and physical properties of soil
  • Plant growth stimulator, promotes root development and stimulates seed germination
  • Stimulates biological activity in soil
  • Enhances resistance of soil to stress
  • Enhances nutrients uptake and increases the content of humus in soil.
  • Reduces the toxicity of pesticide residue and prevents soil from contamination of heavy metals ions as well as other harmful matters
  • Improves chemical and physical properties of soil
  • Plant growth stimulator, promotes root development and stimulates seed germination
  • Fertilizer efficiency promoter. Greatly improve the utilization rate of nitrogen fertilizer. Keeps 60% of nitrogen in easy available form for plants and 40% with slow-release.
  • Increases the resistance of crops to adverse environmental factors and enhances the immunity of plants;
  • Speeding up seed and fruit ripening (1-2 weeks)
  • Increase yield up to 60%
  • Increases seeds germination
  • Root system strengthening
  • Reduces plants demand for nitrates. Reduces amount of nitrates in plants and fruits;
  • Increases shelf life of crops
  • Improves plant resistance to low temperatures
  • Improve immune system of plants
  • Promotes growing of healthier, stronger plants and improves its appearance
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